2021考研英语:双语材料之推敲用新冠康复者的血液做短期疫苗

考研英语 来源:文都考研网整顿 2020-04-14 
 

Blood from recovered coronavirus patients could beused in a vital stop-gap treatment to help protecthumanity from the COVID–19 pandemic currentlyspreading around the world, researchers propose.

研究人员建议,今朝新冠肺炎在全球传播,新冠康复者的血液可以被用于重要的短期治疗,来赞助人们免受新冠病毒的影响。

In a new paper, infectious disease experts explainhow viral antibodies, contained in the blood serumof patients who have already recovered from the newcoronavirus, could then be injected into other people,offering them short-term protection.

一篇新论文中,感染病专家说清楚明了新冠肺炎康复者的血清中的病毒抗体是若何被打针进他人体内,为他们供给短期保护的。

This long-established medical remedy – called passive antibody therapy – dates back tothe late 19th century, and was widely used during the 20th century to help stem outbreaks ofmeasles, polio, mumps, and influenza.

这类汗青悠长的医学疗法被称为主动抗体疗法,可以追溯到19世纪末,在20世纪被广泛用来赞助遏制麻疹、脊髓灰质炎、腮腺炎和流感的迸发。

Much as it aided us before, it could be a crucial and practical tool now in the fight againstCOVID–19, a team from Johns Hopkins University argues in the new study, adding thatantibody therapies can also be made available with urgency.

约翰斯·霍普金斯大年夜学的团队在这项新研究中认为,之前这类疗法给了我们很大年夜赞助,如今在对抗新冠肺炎的治疗中也能成为重要并且实用的疗法。他们还弥补说抗体疗法也能够紧急供给。

"Deployment of this option requires no research or development," says immunologist ArturoCasadevall.

免疫学家Arturo Casadevall说:“采取这类办法不须要停止研究或开辟。”

"It could be deployed within a couple of weeks since it relies on standard blood-bankingpractices."

“几周内就可以完成,由于它依附的是标准血库操作规程。”

For the treatment to work, recovered coronavirus patients would need to donate their bloodafter recovering from COVID–19 and while still convalescing from the disease. During thisphase, the blood serum would contain high amounts of natural antibodies produced to combatthe SARS-CoV–2 virus.

为了起到治疗感化,康复的新冠肺炎患者须要在病情好转以后的康复期内献血。在这一时代,血清中产生的对抗新冠病毒的天然抗体的含量很高。

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